www.phoniatrics.eu

Italy

Phoniatrics in Italy

In Italy, Phoniatrics is an independent specialty together with Audiology; this means that a MD can apply for a 5-year-residency in Audiology and Phoniatrics, without any need to be ENT or to enter a common program together with ENT. After 5 years of residency the MD gets the title of “Audio-Foniatra” that is Audiologist and Phoniatrician. At the moment there are 5 residency programs in Italy in the 5 main cities: Milan, Padua, Rome, Naples, Catania. Each program can have as much as 3 residents each year.

As there is no official register, the number of Phoniatricians in Italy is not known; the estimate is to have 200 Phoniatricians, even though it is difficult to separate between those who have the title and those who practice in phoniatrics as many underwent two residency programs, one in Phoniatrics and one in ENT.

The two phoniatric associations (SIFEL, Società Italiana di Foniatria e Logopedia; SIAF, Società Italiana di Audiologia e Foniatria) are working with the aim to support clinicians in their everyday practice.

The SIFEL congress took place within the IALP congress in Turin; the subject discussed has been dysarthria. The new SIFEL board has started its activities and the aim is to develop recommendations for everyday clinical practice in four areas: specific language impairment, child deafness, tongue thrust, stuttering. The next SIFEL congress will take place in Rome from 18th to 20th of June; the main subject will be congress will take place in Rome from 18th to 20th of June; the main subject will be comunication disorders in the multilingual/multicultural population.

The main event of 2013 in Italy was the IALP congress, which took place in Turin from 25th to 29th August. 981 persons attended the IALP congress in Turin; attendees came from 59 different countries. 319 were students coming from 33 countries including Azerbaijan, Iran and Peru. The countries with the largest number of students were Italy, Brasil, Finland, Greece and Czech Republic. The program of the congress included 1 sponsored symposium, 2 reports from Italian Societies, 3 main reports, 5 special events, 9 seminars, 13 committee symposia, 56 short seminars, 252 free papers and 271 posters.

This year also the SIAF congress took place in Venice from 16th to 19th of October with over 5oo participants. Even though the main subject was auditory processing, several topics of both audiology and phoniatrics have been addressed.

As. Prof. Antonio Schindler, University of Milan, Vice-President of the UEP,
President of the SIFEL, Board Member of the SIAF

Phoniatrics in Italy

In Italy, Phoniatrics is an independent specialty together with Audiology; this means that a MD can apply for a 5-year-residency in Audiology and Phoniatrics, without any need to be ENT or to enter a common program together with ENT. After 5 years of residency the MD gets the title of “Audio-Foniatra” that is Audiologist and Phoniatrician. At the moment there are 5 residency programs in Italy in the 5 main cities: Milan, Padua, Rome, Naples, Catania. Each program can have as much as 3 residents each year.

As there is no official register, the number of Phoniatricians in Italy is not known; the estimate is to have 200 Phoniatricians, even though it is difficult to separate between those who have the title and those who practice in phoniatrics as many underwent two residency programs, one in Phoniatrics and one in ENT.

The two phoniatric associations (SIFEL, Società Italiana di Foniatria e Logopedia; SIAF, Società Italiana di Audiologia e Foniatria) are working with the aim to support clinicians in their everyday practice.

The SIFEL congress took place within the IALP congress in Turin; the subject discussed has been dysarthria. The new SIFEL board has started its activities and the aim is to develop recommendations for everyday clinical practice in four areas: specific language impairment, child deafness, tongue thrust, stuttering. The next SIFEL congress will take place in Rome from 18th to 20th of June; the main subject will be comunication disorders in the multilingual/multicultural population.

The main event of 2013 in Italy was the IALP congress, which took place in Turin from 25th to 29th August. 981 persons attended the IALP congress in Turin; attendees came from 59 different countries. 319 were students coming from 33 countries including Azerbaijan, Iran and Peru. The countries with the largest number of students were Italy, Brasil, Finland, Greece and Czech Republic. The program of the congress included 1 sponsored symposium, 2 reports from Italian Societies, 3 main reports, 5 special events, 9 seminars, 13 committee symposia, 56 short seminars, 252 free papers and 271 posters.

This year also the SIAF congress took place in Venice from 16th to 19th of October with over 5oo participants. Even though the main subject was auditory processing, several topics of both audiology and phoniatrics have been addressed.

As. Prof. Antonio Schindler, University of Milan, Vice-President of the UEP,
President of the SIFEL, Board Member of the SIAF

Phoniatrics in Italy

The situation of Phoniatrics in Italy did not change in the last year; the two phoniatric associations (SIFEL, Società Italiana di Foniatria e Logopedia, SIAF, Società Italiana di Audiologia e Foniatria) are working with the aim to support clinicians in their everyday practice. At the moment there are five official Residency programs in Italy and three new residents may enter in each program; so the estimated number of new residents/year is 15. As the residency programs are dedicated to both Audiology and Phoniatrics, only a portion of them is mainly dedicated to Phoniatrics.

Events in 2012
- XLVIth congress of the SIFEL in Milan, addressing topics of voice, speech, language and hearing. There were three guests speakers:
1. L. Fadiga, neurophysiologist, addressing the subject of mirror neuron in speech perception and human language
2. H. Grech (Malta), speech therapist, addressing the management of multilingualism
3. S. Hamdy (UK), gastroenterologist, addressing the subject of neural circuits involved in swallowing mechanism.

A special session was devoted to the role of trans-cranial magnetic stimulation in the rehabilitation of swallowing, speech, language disorders.
- Seminar on the New Perspective in Dysarthria Rehabilitation in Turin, including several foreign speakers as B. Murdoch (Australia), G. Weismer (USA), P. Enderby (UK), P. Paquier (Belgium)
- VIIth congress of the GISD (Gruppo Italiano Studio Disfagia) in Rome, addressing different topics in swallowing assessment and rehabilitation

Events in 2013
- XXIXth world Congress of the IALP (International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics), including the GISD and SIFEL congresses. Two UEP courses and the UEP General Assembly will take place within the IALP Congress (see page 43). The main reports will be:
1. Brain Behavior relationships: assessment and treatment of child language disorders, Main Presenter: Dr. Faraneh Vargha-Khadem (England), Discussant: Dr. Paavo H.T. Lappanen (Finland), Prof. Anna Maria Chilosi (Italy)
2. Cognitive reserve: management of communication disorders in the elderly, Main Presenter: Dr. Yaakov Stern (United States), Discussants: Dr. Claire Penn (South Africa), Dr. Sue Franklin (Ireland)
3. Neuromotor processing: clinical implications in speech disorder, Main Presenter: Dr. Wolfram Ziegler (Germany), Discussants: Dr. Elina Tripoliti (England), Dr. Sabine Skodda (Germany).

Special events will take place:
1. Management of swallowing disorders in the elderly (chairs: P. Clave (Spain), A. Schindler (Italy)
2. Achieving best outcome in children with cochlear implants (chairs: A. Martini, Italy), H. Grech (Malta)
3. Communication disorders in the multilingual population (chairs: C. Caselli, Italy), L. Cheng (USA)
4. Challenges in occupational voice disorders: legal aspects (chairs: A. Ricci-Maccarini (Italy), T. Nawka (Germany)
5. WHO world report in disability – Strategies for implementation (chairs: M. Behlau (Brazil), A. Officer (Switzerland).

- XXXIVth congress of the SIAF, October, Venice

As. Prof. Antonio Schindler, University of Milan, General Secretary of the UEP,
Vice-President of the SIFEL, Board Member of the SIAF

Phoniatrics in Italy

The situation of Phoniatrics in Italy is complex at the moment, reflecting a rich and long history. While many important personalities contributed to the development of Phoniatrics since the first half of the XXth century, Phoniatrics exists as an independent specialty since 1977. In 1999 after a University reform the Medical Specialties of Audiology and Phoniatrics became a single specialty; it is called Audiology and Phoniatrics, it lasts 5 years, but it is still independent from Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery.

Currently there are two Scientific Phoniatrics Societies, the Italian Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (Società Italiana di Foniatria e Logopedia, SIFEL, www.sifel.net) and the Italian Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics (Società Italiana di Audiologia e Foniatria, SIAF, www.sia-f.it) and one labor union, the Unified Labor Union of the Italian Audiologists and Phoniatricians (Sindacato Unico degli Audiologi e Foniatri Italiani). The SIFEL organizes a national congress each year, while the SIAF congresses take place every two years.

It is difficult to estimate the number of Italian Phoniatricians as well as the number of Phoniatricians in each scientific societies, since no official record exists of the each member daily activities; nonetheless, it is estimated that there are 300 Phoniatricians practicing Phoniatrics in Italy.

Ass. Professor Dr. Antonio Schindler, General Secretary of the UEP, Vice-President of the SIFEL, Board Member of the SIAF, Milan, Italy